アイスランド旅行 (その23)

2015.01.18-27

写真クリックで拡大

レイキャビック その6

 

 レイキャビックでの観光地点map

 

レイキャヴィックの中心部

 

Ingolfstorg広場(観光地点2S)の東側を見る DE_09927

 

右にCity Center Hotel(観光地点2L)が見える DE_09928

 

昼食場所(観光地点2M) DE_09931

 

Ingolfstorg越しに見たCity Center Hotel DE_09936

昼食場所の近くから

 

上図の左側 DE_09937

道路はHafnarstreati通り

中央右の赤い建物はEinar Ben(レストラン)(観光地点2W)

 

Kraum: レイキャビック最古の木造家屋 DE_09942

Aoalstreati通り沿い(観光地点2V)

 

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Kraumの右隣にあるスーパー DE_09940

 

レイキャビック最古のポンプ DE_09944

 

DE_09945

 

Skuli Magnussonの像(観光地点2R) DE_09946

 

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Skuli Magnussonの像 DE_09947

 

独裁制を終焉させるのに経済面から尽力 DE_09948

 

Skuli Magnusson was once the most powerful man in Iceland.

Skúli Magnusson (December 12, 1711 - November 9, 1794), often called the Sheriff Skúli was landfógeti Iceland and one of the main driving force behind the creation Innréttingar. Debt has been called the father of. He was one of the chief messenger of enlightenment in Iceland.

 

during the 17th century the Icelanders suffered hardship. In 1602 the king made all trade with Iceland a monopoly of certain merchants in Copenhagen, Malmo and Elsinore. In 1619 the monopoly was made a joint stock company. The monopoly meant the Icelanders were forced to sell goods to the company at low prices and buy supplies from them at high prices. As a result the Icelandic economy suffered severely.

Furthermore in 1661 the Danish king made himself an absolute monarch. In 1662 the Icelanders were forced to submit to him. The Althing continued to meet but had no real power. It was reduced to being a court. Worse in 1707-09 Iceland suffered an outbreak of smallpox which killed a large part of the population.

In the mid 18th century a man named Skuli Magnusson was made an official called a fogd. He tried to improve the economy by bringing in farmers from Denmark and Norway. He also introduced better fishing vessels. He also created a woolen industry in Reykjavik with German weavers. Finally in 1787 the monopoly was ended.

 

Austurvollur広場(観光地点2G) DE_09952

Austurvöllur is a public square in Reykjavík, Iceland. The square is a popular gathering place for the citizens of Reykjavík, and especially so during good weather due to the prevalence of cafés on Vallarstræti and Pósthússtræti. It has also been a focal point of protests due to the close location to the Parliament of Iceland.

The square contains a large statue of Jón Sigurðsson, a leader of Iceland's independence movement.

The city's oldest church the Domkirkja can also be found nearby.

 

広場の北東角方向 DE_09954

 

広場の北西角 DE_09957

 

Jón Sigurðsson(ヨン・シグルズソン) DE_09959

the leader of the 19th century Icelandic independence movement

 

銅像の台座 DE_09962

台座には、重そうな石(柱状列石)を担ぐ彼の姿と、

後ろから付き従う人々の姿が描かれている

 

DE_09963

 

Parliament of Iceland building(国会議事堂) DE_09964

アルマンナギャオの集会場所で始まった民主議会アルシングは

さまざまな変遷ののち、1881に玄武岩でできたこの建物を完成

ここを活動の舞台としている。(観光地点2F)

(http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Althing)

 

国会議事堂 DE_09953

 

DE_09955

 

Domkirkjan, Reykjavik(観光地点2J) DE_09961

 

There has been a church on this site since around 1200 AD. The current church, begun in 1788 and completed in 1796, has played an important role in Icelandic history.

It was in the Domkirkjan that Icelandic independence was first officially endorsed by the Lutheran church of Iceland. Since 1845, members and cabinet ministers of every Alþing parliament have gathered here for a service before the annual session. It was also in this church that Iceland's national anthem (also a hymn) was first sung in 1874.

 

アイスランドで最も古い教会 DE_09967

 

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